One of the fastest-growing renewable energy technologies is wind power. Globally, usage is increasing, partly due to lower costs. Onshore and offshore installed wind-generation capacity has increased over time, and wind electricity production has risen dramatically year after year. Wind speeds are significant in many places of the world, but the ideal spots for generating wind power are often remote. Offshore wind power has a lot of promise. The kinetic energy created by moving air is used to generate electricity in the wind. Wind turbines or wind energy conversion systems convert this into electrical energy. The blades of a turbine are initially impacted by the wind, which causes them to revolve and turn the turbine connected to them. By turning a shaft attached to a generator and so producing electrical energy through electromagnetic, kinetic energy is converted to rotational energy.
The size of the turbine and the length of its blades determine the quantity of power that can be harvested from the wind. The output is proportional to the rotor’s size and the wind speed’s cube. Wind turbines have been around for over a century. Engineers began attempting to harness wind energy to make electricity after the advent of the electric generator in the 1830s. In 1887 and 1888, wind power was generated in the United Kingdom and the United States, but modern wind power is thought to have been invented in Denmark, where horizontal-axis wind turbines were erected in 1891 and a 22.8-meter wind turbine was put into service in 1897.
Africa faces the challenge of generating more power to meet current and future demand, with over half a billion people on the continent without access to electricity.
Lack of expertise with wind technology at the country level, macroeconomic and sector conditions that make it difficult to obtain financing to develop wind initiatives, and connectivity requirements to connect wind power to transmission lines are among the hurdles. We also understand that maximising Africa’s wind potential necessitates placing turbines in strategic locations that benefit communities while minimising negative impacts on regional wildlife. This is why the Energy Project Africa (EPA) is hard at work guiding and providing wind energy services to African communities and companies. We want to work with local communities to find ways to share the benefits of wind energy projects. We have also been striving to make it easier for businesses and local communities to share the benefits of wind and solar projects. There is a chance for many African countries to do so in a clean and sustainable manner. Renewable energy resources abound in the continent, providing viable answers to the continent’s current electricity challenges.
How Wind Can Be Utilized To Sustain African Development
Wind can be used to sustain African development by generating electricity, powering cargo ships, sporting, milling grain, pumping water, reducing carbon footprint, sailing, windsurfing and land surfing.
Generating electricity:- Africa faces the challenge of generating more power to meet current and future demand, with over half a billion people on the continent without access to electricity as stated earlier. The generation of electricity is one of the most common uses of wind energy which can lead over half a billion people on the continent of Africa from darkness to light. James Blyth, a Scottish scholar, created the world’s first wind turbine in 1887 to power the lighting of his vacation home. A wind turbine captures the energy of the wind throughout this operation. When the wind starts to move the turbine’s blades, a generator starts to run, producing power. Since the first electricity-generating turbine was invented, wind power has grown in popularity and efficiency. Today, we have the capability to construct massive wind farms. Depending on their scale, onshore and offshore wind farms can power millions of homes.
Powering Cargo Ships:- Transportation is another application of wind energy. Wind energy has been used for sailing by civilizations for thousands of years. Sailing is thought to have been in some form since 5000 BC, according to researchers. With our vast experience in wind energy utilization, we have seen both little and huge ships capable of sailing under the power of the wind in recent years. It may surprise you to learn that some modern shipping businesses are re-embracing wind energy. Large kites have been mounted on vessels such as fishing trawlers and even cargo ships. Under the correct circumstances, these can assist reduce fuel use on lengthy journeys by up to 30%. This is an apparent benefit for businesses that spend a lot of money on fuel and want to lessen their carbon footprint.
Sporting:- Sports and activities that rely on the power of the wind are a more fun use of wind energy. Windsurfing, which involves using a mast and a sail tied to a surfboard on which a person stands while manipulating the sail, is one of the sports that make use of the wind’s energy. Another example is sailing, which is a more conventional usage of wind energy that may be applied to sports in which people or teams compete against one another. This is similar to sailing, but it is done on land using a small vehicle with wheels and a sail. A kite surfer is someone who stands on a surfboard while hanging on to a kite. They then ride the waves as well as the air, soaring to great heights in the process.
Milling grain:- Wind energy has long been employed in the food industry. Windmills were frequently employed for milling grain prior to the industrial revolution so that it could be used to make food such as bread. The arrival of electricity and motors in more recent periods has rendered such buildings obsolete. As a result, industries are now able to produce products like flour more effectively.
Pumping water:- You might not realise it, but wind energy can also be used to pump water using a wind pump. Wind pumps resemble classic windmills in appearance, but instead of milling grain, they can pump water. Historically, these structures were utilised for land drainage. Due to the arrival of electric motors, wind pumps, like windmills used in food production, have virtually all been replaced.
Because of the need for regular and optimal wind energy to sustain African development, African communities and businesses must rely on the EPA’s wind energy services competence. At EPA, we do high-quality wind energy services with our engineers, who have received extensive wind turbine maintenance training and are well trained to maintain wind systems and make necessary repairs. Thanks to years of field training, the EPA undertakes automatic as well as efficient system assessments to ensure that wind power facilities are assessed in compliance with international standards. Our continual monitoring and inspections ensure timely action when your wind system isn’t operating as it should. Our staff are in charge of all aspects of wind power plant maintenance, ensuring that the plant functions smoothly and that our clients have access to power at all times.
Africa’s wind potential is both an opportunity and a problem for the private sector, however, EPA in collaboration with international partners are ever ready to develop bankable, long-term wind projects to ensure the sustainability of African businesses and communities. We are excited to expand on our more than a decade of worldwide wind project investment to help Africa address its wind power shortfall and contribute to the continent’s long-term development. We want to scale up wind energy by combining a number of World Bank Group services into a single engagement aimed at establishing viable markets for Scaling Wind Power in emerging nations, with a focus on Africa.
Energy Project Africa is a leading renewable energy business in Lagos, Nigeria with expertise in procurement of energy equipment, energy audit and feasibility solutions for mini-grid and solar/wind farms. Supply by EPA provides solar/wind products and equipment for corporate and institutional clients for the project and operational needs. If you need a partner with hands-on local expertise in the renewable energy space or any of our bespoke solutions/services, kindly visit:
https://www.energy-projects.africa/ourservices/corporate-sourcing-and-procurement/ to learn more.